A Guinea Pig Daily Care Checklist for New Owners

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    guinea pig daily care checklist

    Congratulations on your new furry friend! Welcoming a guinea pig into your home can be a rewarding experience, but it also comes with a fair share of daily responsibilities.

    As a new guinea pig owner, you may find the thought of meeting your little companion’s needs downright overwhelming.

    Fear not, dear reader, for we have the ultimate guinea pig daily care checklist to prepare you for owning a guinea pig. Get ready to provide your pint-sized pal with the care and attention they deserve!

    Housing and Environment

    Before we discuss the essential items on your guinea pig care checklist, it’s important to consider where your little friend will live. A comfortable, secure, and engaging guinea pig habitat is the backbone of their well-being.

    Cage Size and Setup

    When it comes to housing your guinea pig, size definitely matters. The minimum recommended cage size is 7.5 square feet, with a depth of at least 16 inches. This allows your guinea pig to move around and express their natural behaviors.

    Line the bottom of the cage with bedding material, such as fleece or paper-based litter, at 4-6 inches depth. Remember to include plenty of hiding spots and enrichment items, like tunnels and hay racks, to keep your furry friend entertained and stimulated.

    Temperature and Humidity Control

    Maintaining the proper temperature and humidity levels in your guinea pig’s environment is crucial for their health and comfort.

    Aim to keep the ambient temperature between 65°F and 75°F and the humidity level between 30-70%. Avoid sudden temperature fluctuations, which can be stressful for your guinea pig.


    Lighting is also important for their well-being, as they need a balance of light and dark to regulate their natural sleep patterns. Consider using a timer for their cage lights to ensure they get 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness each day.

    Feeding and Hydration

    Now that we’ve covered the essentials of housing and maintaining a comfortable environment for your guinea pig, their diet and hydration are the next critical areas to focus on. Proper nutrition and constant access to clean water ensure your little friend stays healthy and happy.

    Guinea Pig Diet

    A guinea pig’s primary diet should be high-quality Timothy hay, which should always be available in its enclosure. Fresh vegetables like bell peppers, carrots, and leafy greens should supplement this. You can offer fruits in moderation as a treat.

    Remember to provide a daily vitamin C supplement, as guinea pigs cannot synthesize this essential nutrient alone.

    Feeding Schedule and Portion Sizes

    Establish a consistent feeding routine, offering your guinea pig a balanced diet in portions.

    As a general guideline, a single adult guinea pig should receive 1/8 to 1/4 cup of vegetables, 1-2 tablespoons of fresh fruit per day, and unlimited hay. Always provide fresh water, ensuring the water source is clean and readily available.

    Grooming and Hygiene

    Moving on from the essentials of feeding and environmental comfort, it’s time to turn our attention to an equally important aspect of guinea pig care – grooming and hygiene. These practices ensure your guinea pig remains clean and happy and fortify the bond between you two.

    Nail Care

    Regular nail trimmings are essential to maintain your guinea pig’s foot health and prevent overgrowth. Aim to trim their nails every 4-6 weeks or as needed, using a small pair of pet-safe nail clippers.

    Brushing and Coat Care

    Depending on their coat type, guinea pigs may need daily brushing to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Smooth-coated varieties may need brushing 1-2 times weekly, while long-haired breeds may need daily attention.

    Bathing and Spot Cleaning

    While guinea pigs don’t need regular baths, spot cleaning is necessary to maintain hygiene. Wipe down any soiled areas with a damp cloth, and dry your guinea pig afterward.

    Daily Health Checks

    Perform a quick daily health check on your guinea pig, looking for any signs of illness or distress, such as lethargy, reduced appetite, or changes in their coat or skin condition. Familiarize yourself with a healthy guinea pig’s normal behavior and appearance to identify potential issues.

    Pay close attention to several key areas to ensure they remain in optimal health. Here are crucial points to examine:

    Eyes and Nose

    Both should be clear of any discharge. Watery or crusty eyes and a runny nose could indicate a respiratory infection or allergies.


    Check that the teeth are straight, even, and not overgrown. Guinea pigs’ teeth continuously grow, and misalignment can lead to difficulty eating.


    Look for any signs of redness, discharge, or mites. Healthy guinea pig ears are clean and free of debris.


    Examine the feet for sores or unclipped nails. If your guinea pig doesn’t have proper bedding, they can develop sores on their feet.


    Maintain a regular weighing schedule. Sudden weight loss or gain can be a sign of health issues.


    Note any changes in activity levels, eating habits, or signs of distress, such as excessive scratching or squeaking. A healthy guinea pig is alert, active, and sociable.

    Coat and Skin

    The coat should be smooth and free of mats, while the skin should not show signs of rashes, lumps, or parasites.

    Behavioral Enrichment and Socialization

    Consider their mental well-being after establishing a foundation for their physical health through proper diet, housing, and grooming. We’ll explore the importance of behavioral enrichment and socialization in ensuring their survival and thrive.

    Interaction and Playtime

    Guinea pigs are social animals, so set aside time each day to interact with your furry friend. Engage them in gentle petting, hand-feeding, and supervised playtime outside their enclosure. This strengthens the bond between you and your guinea pig, keeping them happy and stimulated.

    Providing Appropriate Toys and Enrichment

    Offer your guinea pig a variety of enrichment items, such as tunnels, hideaways, and chew toys, to encourage natural behaviors and prevent boredom. Rotate these items to keep things interesting.

    Guinea pigs are curious and active creatures, so providing them with plenty of toys and enrichment items is crucial for their mental and physical well-being. Here are some examples of great enrichment options for your guinea pig:

    Tunnels and Hideaways:

    • Cardboard tubes (from toilet paper or paper towels)
    • Plastic tunnels or PVC pipes
    • Wooden boxes or crates with entry/exit holes
    • Hay-filled wooden or cardboard igloos

    Chew Toys:

    • Untreated wood blocks or branches
    • Pumice stones or mineral chews
    • Woven willow or seagrass balls
    • Untreated pine or apple wood sticks

    Enrichment Items:

    • Dig boxes filled with timothy hay or shredded paper
    • Hanging hay racks or feeders
    • Ramps or platforms for climbing
    • Soft, cozy hideaways like fleece-lined igloos

    Supervise your guinea pigs first to ensure they feel safe and comfortable interacting with them when introducing new toys. Rotate the toys and enrichment items to prevent boredom and encourage your guinea pig to explore and engage with their environment.

    Introducing New Guinea Pigs

    Guinea pigs are social creatures that thrive in the company of their own kind. Living in pairs or groups helps to prevent loneliness, anxiety, and depression, fostering a happier and more active lifestyle.

    Introduce new guinea pigs gradually and in a neutral space to ensure compatibility and reduce the risk of aggression. Same-sex pairs or neutered males with females are usually the best combinations to avoid unwanted breeding.

    Having at least two guinea pigs aligns with their natural social behavior and enhances their well-being and quality of life.

    Items to Avoid and Safety Precautions

    Providing toys for your little ones is a fun and rewarding activity. However, you should know certain items you must avoid for their health and safety.

    Avoidable Foods

    Guinea pigs have sensitive digestive systems, so certain foods can harm them. Avoid iceberg lettuce, avocado, and anything containing caffeine or chocolate. They can cause health issues ranging from diarrhea to serious toxic reactions.

    Unsafe Bedding Materials

    Avoid using cedar or pine shavings as bedding for your guinea pig. The oils in these woods can cause respiratory problems and liver damage, as well as harm your pet’s urinary and reproductive organs.

    Instead, opt for safer alternatives like fleece or paper-based products designed for small pets.

    Small and Breakable Toys

    Ensure all toys and accessories are large enough to prevent accidental ingestion. Remember, guinea pigs chew. They may be in grave danger if they chew and swallow thin, breakable plastic.

    Small, breakable items can pose a choking hazard or cause internal blockages.

    Wire-Bottom Cages

    Cages with wire flooring are detrimental to guinea pigs’ delicate feet, causing cuts, infections, or bumblefoot. Always choose solid flooring options and provide ample, comfortable bedding to prevent these issues.

    Guinea Pig Daily Care Checklist

    By following this comprehensive guinea pig daily care checklist, you’ll be well on your way to providing your new furry friend with the love, attention, and care they deserve.

    Remember, the key to a happy and healthy guinea pig is a commitment to their daily needs. For more marvelous small pet care tips and advice, be sure to check out more articles on Pets Marvelous.

    We’re dedicated to helping pet parents like you navigate the joys and challenges of small animal ownership. Happy guinea pig parenting!

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